Myrtus communis Bonsai träd

Indoor cultivation

  1. Position: Myrtle can be kept indoors all year in a very bright, airy location. ... 
  2. Water: The soil should be kept evenly moist and not allowed to become waterlogged. ... 
  3. Fertilizer: While the plant is young feed every two weeks from spring to summer with liquid bonsai fertilizer .

Common myrtle (M. communis) is best grown indoors during winter months and placed outside for the summer. Use indoor potting soil and a pot with good drainage to avoid water-logging the roots. However, do not allow the plant to dry out and keep moist and regularly fed with liquid feed. Trim in autumn, winter and spring to keep the plant looking its best, but reduce trimming in summer to ensure a long flowering season. The plant should be re-potted in alternate years in spring.

Ligustrum Bonsai träd

The Ligustrum "Privet" botanical family consists of many subspecies and cultivars (50+) with a diversity of leaf colors and forms. The Ligustrum is often used for hedging, which can be a source of great "thick trunked" Bonsai material.

The tree is very strong and makes for a popular beginner’s Bonsai. The most common species of privet include the Ovalifoliu "oval leaved", Sinense "Sinensus", Japonicum, Lucidum and the Vulgare "common privet"

 Position: The privet prefers a bright position, with direct sunlight at least part of the day. Although the Ligustrum Bonsai is an outdoor species (it only needs some protection when temperatures drop below -10 degrees C (14F)), it is also sold as indoor tree (in this case the tree should be placed inside during the winter).

Watering: Normal watering is fine.

Feeding: Use a normal Bonsai fertilizer about once every three weeks during the growth season.

Pruning: Style the tree in early spring, before it starts growing. Normal maintenance pruning can be done anywhere in the growth season.

Repotting: Repot Privet Bonsai trees every one or two years using a basic Bonsai soil mixture.

Propagation: Use cuttings during the summer or plant seeds.

Westringea Bonsai träd

 
Westringea sp.
Australian rosemary. They are trees that due to their characteristics must be located outside, ideal for balconies, gardens and terraces. It is a perennial shrub plant with grayish green foliage and white or yellowish inflorescences, blooming in spring and summer
 
Situation: Outside, in full sun throughout the year (or in the semi-shade during the hours of heavy summer insolation), it bears punctual frosts down to -5ºC
 
Irrigation: Moderate irrigation. The surface layer of the pot must be allowed to dry slightly between irrigation and irrigation. They prefer light and airy floors
 
Curiosities: Originally, Westringia is endemic to Australia, that is, it can only be found naturally in this area.
 
Observations: The shape and measures of bonsai are approximate. The color and shape of the pot may vary from that of the photo. Remember that a bonsai is a living being, so the images that appear are representative.

Cotoneaster sp. Bonsai träd

Family
Rosaceae
Origin
Mild regions of Europe, Africa and principally Asia.
Cotoneaster sp.
Characteristics
Small bush or tree with deciduous or permanent leaves depending on the variety. Produces white or pink flowers and its small fruits are of red, yellow, orange and black colour. There exist about 100 varieties.
Place
In zones of Mediterranean climate it can be placed in the exterior during the whole year. In colder zones it’s convenient to protect it against frost.
Irrigation
Abundant in summer and in moderation in winter.
Fertilization
In spring and autumn but not during flowering.
Transplant
Every 2 years, at the beginning of spring.
SUBSTRATUM
100% Akadama, or a mixture of Akadama with a 20% of volcanic earth.
Pruning and nipping
PRUNING
New shoots in spring.
NIPPING
When the branch has developed from 6 to 8 leaves, cut the leaves and leave only 2 of them.
FENCING
During the whole year.

Escallonia sp. - Bonsai träd

Family;Saxifragaceae

Origin:Native to South America.

Mainly from Peru and Chile characteristics Evergreen shrubs up to 2 meters high with an attractive pink bloom. Simple, dark green leaves with jagged margins.

Flowers in the shape of a bell, usually pink, although they can also be white or fuchsia. They are very fragrant Situation They should be placed outside, in full sun or semi-shade in very hot climates. He likes relatively humid environments. In winter we will have to protect it against intense cold Irrigation He does not like the excess water. The surface layer of the pot must be allowed to dry slightly between irrigation and irrigation. They prefer light and airy floors. In winter just water Subscriber From spring to mid autumn with organic fertilizer or NUTRIBONSAI liquid from Mistral Bonsai. The subscriber must be interrupted in the extremely hot summer periods Transplant Extreme caution should be exercised since its roots are quite delicate. They are transplanted every three or four years, in early spring SUBSTRATUM A mixture of 6 parts of Akadama, with 4 parts of volcanic earth, can be used; or failing TERRABONSAI of Mistral Bonsai. After transplanting it is advisable to water with a VITABONSAI solution of Mistral Bonsai, to accelerate the recovery of the tree Pruning and clamping PRUNING It is advisable to perform pruning after flowering to compact your cup CLIPPING Throughout the growing season we can go tweaking slightly to achieve a denser flowering WIRING The wiring in this species is difficult since its branches are quite brittle. Extreme precautions and try to form the cup based on branch selection Curiosities The beauty of this shrub is the long duration of its flowering in addition to being very resistant to drought

Rhododendron indicurt - Bonsai träd

Inomhus bonsaiträd

 The azalea is popular for its spectacular flowers, which open in May - June and come in many different colors, shapes, sizes and patterns.

The leaves are dark green and differ in size and shape, depending on the cultivar.

Satsuki and Kurume azaleas are evergreen, small shrubs which are very suitable for Bonsai purposes.

Position: Azaleas thrive at a sunny spot, but during the hottest time it is better to provide some shade. When flowering, azaleas should be protected from rain and hot sun to make the flowers last longer. Healthy, mature azaleas can endure some frost but should be protected from colder temperatures than -5° C / 41° F. Watering: Azalea Bonsai trees must not dry out but they also don't like permanent wetness. Because of this it is necessary to check the moisture of the soil very carefully. A root ball that has gotten too dry temporarily should be dunked in a bowl of water to get thoroughly moistened again. Azaleas need a slightly acid soil and hard tap water is not appropriate for them. You can use rainwater, mix rainwater with tap water or filter your tap water for the azalea Bonsai. Feeding: During the growing season azalea Bonsai should be fed with a special azalea or rhododendron fertilizer. There are liquid azalea fertilizers which are used weekly and organic products to strew on the soil surface in longer intervals. While the trees flower quit feeding or use only half the normal dosage. Pruning: The azalea is one of the very few tree-species that are basally-dominant. This means that the lower branches grow stronger than the weaker top, which leads to the shape of a shrub in nature. Therefore prune the branches at the base harder than the top. The Azalea withstands strong pruning very well and even produces new shoots from branches on which no leaves are left. Immediately after flowering the wilted flowers and ovaries are cut off or pinched by hand. This point of time is also favorable for all other pruning and trimming works because in summer the new flower buds for the next year will develop. If you prune your tree too late there will be no or nearly no flowers in the following year. Unwanted shoots from the trunk or the base of the branches can be removed at any time of the year. Extensive styling works on raw material are often done in spring and in that case flowering is omitted consciously. The wood of the azalea is brittle so that wiring and bending should be done with great care. Repotting: Every two years, either in spring or after flowering, the azalea should be repotted. Prune the roots with great care because they are very thin and matted and can easily be torn when you try to disentangle them. It is important to use a special soil for azaleas which is lime-free. Pure Kanuma for example is a good azalea soil. Propagation: Azaleas are propagated from cuttings in spring and summer. Depending on the cultivar the success rate can differ, but many customary cultivars produce roots easily and quickly. In the hot time of the year transparent sheets can be useful to protect the young cuttings from excessive evaporation. Pests and diseases: Azaleas are not often infested by pests. But low humidity can support spider mites which should be treated with a suitable pesticide and improved humidity. Vine weevil can eat the leaves and their grubs cause great damage on the roots. With special pesticides or nematodes the beetles and their grubs can be eliminated. Root rot, caused by a fungus, can occur when the soil of the azalea is too wet and compacted. There are appropriate fungicides to pour into the soil that are effective against root rot. Another fungal disease causes leaf galls. In spring and summer leaves and possibly stems become thickened, curled, fleshy and turn pale green. In the later stages of the disease, the galls become covered with a white powdery substance and finally they turn brown and hard. Leaf galls are also stimulated by wetness and they appear most often on cultivars with plain-colored red and purple flowers. The best way to handle this disease is to remove the galls as soon as they are discovered and protect the azalea from too much rain.

Pyracantha sp.- Bonsai träd

Inomhus bonsaiträd

Family

Rosaceae
Origin
Europe, Himalaya, central China.
Etymology
“pyros” meaning fire and “acantha” meaning thorn.
Pyracantha sp.
Characteristics
It is an evergreen bonsai of slow growth. It has thorny branches and it is well known for its white flowers blossoming in spring and the vibrant colours of its fruits (from red to yellow) in autumn.
Place
It can be placed outdoors all year round, in direct sunlight during flowering. In summer it should be kept in the shade. It is very resilient to cold weather but it should be protected from freezing conditions.
Irrigation
It needs plenty of humidity. Do not dampen the flowers when watering.
Fertilization
Spring and autumn. It is best not to feed during the flowering period.
Transplant
Every 2 years in spring.
SUBSTRATUM
100% Akadama or mixed with 20% of volcanic clay.
Pruning and nipping
PRUNING
It is carried out at the beginning of spring.
NIPPING
After flowering . When the branch has 6 to 8 new pairs of leaves use the tweezers to cut down to 2 pairs.
FENCING
All year round
Curiosities
Pyracantha hedges have been used as stopping bushes. In Spain they are frequently planted in the middle of motorways to cushion cars in the case of an accident and to prevent them from crashing into traffic coming the other way.

Punica granatum - Bonsai träd

Family Punicaceae Origin Mediterranean, Occidental Asia (Persia and Afghanistan, Northeast of India) until Himalaya Etymology From the latin “punicus”, Plinio gave the name to this specie “ malum punicum” , apple from Carthage, with a wrong base with respect to its origin. Punica granatum Characteristics Tree or bush of deciduous leaves characteristic for its thorny branches. Flowers and fruits in abundance especially the nana variety. Place In zones of Mediterranean climate the tree can be placed outside during the whole year. Irrigation Watering, as with all other deciduous trees, must be abundant in summer and reduced in winter. Fertilization In spring and autumn, never during flowering. Transplant Every 2 years, in spring. SUBSTRATUM 100% Akadama, or a mixture of Akadama with 20% volcanic earth. Pruning and nipping PRUNING At the beginning of spring when the tree is beginning to flower. NIPPING During the whole of spring, cut down to 2 leaves when branches have got about 6 to 8 pairs of leaves. We wont pinch after May or June because we would eliminate the flowers which appear at the points of the branches. FENCING You can wire over the whole year if you want except during flowering. Curiosities If we leave too many pomegranates on a branch, it will have a tendency of drying out next year. To flower in abundance the pomegranates must be in the sun. To produce fruits they have to be outside in nature exposed to natural fresh air because insects pollinate flowers.Inomhus bonsaiträd