Carmona microphylla

Fukien Tea Tree, Carmona, Philippine Tea

-  species is Native to India, South East Asia and Southern China. Its compact nature, small leaves, small white flowers, red berries, and gnarled looking trunk all make it a lovely bonsai to grow. It can be a temperamental Bonsai to grow.


Informal Upright, Slanting, Cascade, Semi-cascade, Rock-over-root, Clasped-to-rock, Twin-trunk, Clump




Likes a bright position but avoid exposing to direct midday sunlight if possible. Likes a warm location ideally above 15C and does not like too much temperature fluctuations.


Keep soil moist but not water logged. Over watering can lead to leafs turning yellow and falling off.


Every two weeks during the growing season and every 6 weeks during dormant periods. Use a balanced fertiliser through out the year with a high nitrogen fertiliser in spring - to help with the flush of new growth.

Leaf and Branch Pruning: 

Best time to prune is late winter early spring before new growth starts - this ensures that new growth is left on for flowering. Cut back shoots with 6-8 leaf nodes to the last 2 nodes.

Re-potting & Growing Medium:

Repot every 2 years in late spring when warmer weather has settled in. Use a Basic Bonsai Mix 1 part peat or loam, 1 part Grit, 1 part leaf mould or bark


Wire woody branches any time of the year.

Serissa Foetida

Position: The serissa likes a sunny wind-protected place outside during the growing season as long as the night temperatures stay above 50° F / 10° C. Drastic temperature drops are not tolerated. Avoid unnecessary changes of the tree's position, but from autumn to spring the serissa must be placed in the house or a heated conservatory at temperatures between 50° F / 10° C and 68° F / 20° C. The warmer the position the more light is needed. Grow lights can help. Try to provide high humidity.

Watering: Keep the rootball moist, but at the same time take good care not to overwater the serissa tree. It must never dry out completely. If the tree drops its leaves due to some changes in the growing conditions, continue but slightly decrease watering. The serissa likes a neutral pH value (7), so avoid very calcareous water. When no flowers are on the tree, it is a good idea to often spray the foliage with lime-free water.

Feeding: Apply a small amount of solid organic fertilizer every four weeks or use a liquid fertilizer in a low concentration every week during the growing season. Use a fertilizer with a balanced N-P-K ratio. In winter fertilize once a month with a low dose of liquid fertilizer if the tree is kept in a warm place. Do not fertilize unhealthy or not growing serissas.

Pruning and wiring: The serissa tolerates hard pruning which should be executed in early spring, if necessary. Young trees are trimmed back to 2 leaves when the shoots have produced 4 – 5 leaves. Older trees are trimmed less as long they are flowering, but are pruned thoroughly after flowering. Every two or three years the branches must be cut back to old wood in order to keep the tree shape compact. Branches and shoots can be wired at any time, but they are delicate and must be wired with great care. Remove the wire after approximately six months before it cuts into the bark.

Repotting: Repot the serissa every two years and use a standard soil mix. Prune the roots only moderately. The roots smell unpleasant when they are cut.

Propagation: The serissa can easily be propagated from semi-hardwood cuttings.

Pests and diseases: Aphids, root aphids or spider mites can attack the serissa. Use a specific pesticide and try to increase humidity. Overwatering or bad soil can cause root rot. Then repot the tree, cut off damaged roots and plant it in fresh, well draining soil. Try to improve the conditions for your tree.


Segeretia theezans 

 Position: The sageretia likes a semi-shaded place outside during the warm summer, but it can also be kept indoors all year round. Indoors it should be placed at a window facing south or west, but it needs protection from intense sunlight. In winter the tree must be placed in the house or a heated conservatory at temperatures between 53° F / 12° C and 72° F / 22° C. The warmer the position the more light is needed. Grow lights can help. Try to provide high humidity.

Watering: Keep the rootball moist, but not waterlogged. Don't let the roots dry out completely because the sageretia's leaves and twigs dessicate quickly and the whole tree can die easily from lack of water. This can happen if watering is forgotten only once! The sageretia prefers a slightly acidic or neutral pH value, so avoid using very calcareous water. The tree likes high humidity and for that reason it is a good idea to often spray the foliage with lime-free water.

Feeding: Apply solid organic fertilizer every four weeks or use a liquid fertilizer every week during the growing season. In winter, in a cool place, fertilize once a month on moist soil with a liquid fertilizer, or every two weeks if the tree is kept in a warm place.

Pruning and wiring: The sageretia's shoots can be trimmed back to 2 leaves all year round. Frequent trimming of the shoots helps to develop a good ramification. Healthy trees backbud very willingly if you have to do some more substantial pruning. Don't trim the sageretia in late summer if you want flowers and fruit to develop. Young branches and shoots can be wired in spring. Older branches are stiff and it is hardly possible to bend them. When the basic branch structure has been established, there won't be much necessity to wire old branches, though.

Repotting: Repot the sageretia every two years and use a standard soil mix which should retain enough water but at the same time offer good drainage. The sageretia takes root pruning well, up to one third of the root mass can be removed. Choose slightly larger pots than normal to avoid fast drying out.

Propagation: The sageretia can be propagated from softwood and hardwood cuttings. Those root easily during the growing season.

Pests and diseases: Aphids or white fly can attack the sageretia. Use a specific pesticide and try to increase humidity. In rare cases mildew can occur. Then use a specific fungicide tand ry to improve air circulation. If the leaves turn pale green with darker veins the tree might need extra ferric fertilizer and less calcareous water. Brown leaf tips indicate overwatering. 

Myrtus communis Bonsai träd

Indoor cultivation

  1. Position: Myrtle can be kept indoors all year in a very bright, airy location. ... 
  2. Water: The soil should be kept evenly moist and not allowed to become waterlogged. ... 
  3. Fertilizer: While the plant is young feed every two weeks from spring to summer with liquid bonsai fertilizer .

Common myrtle (M. communis) is best grown indoors during winter months and placed outside for the summer. Use indoor potting soil and a pot with good drainage to avoid water-logging the roots. However, do not allow the plant to dry out and keep moist and regularly fed with liquid feed. Trim in autumn, winter and spring to keep the plant looking its best, but reduce trimming in summer to ensure a long flowering season. The plant should be re-potted in alternate years in spring.

Ligustrum Bonsai träd

The Ligustrum "Privet" botanical family consists of many subspecies and cultivars (50+) with a diversity of leaf colors and forms. The Ligustrum is often used for hedging, which can be a source of great "thick trunked" Bonsai material.

The tree is very strong and makes for a popular beginner’s Bonsai. The most common species of privet include the Ovalifoliu "oval leaved", Sinense "Sinensus", Japonicum, Lucidum and the Vulgare "common privet"

 Position: The privet prefers a bright position, with direct sunlight at least part of the day. Although the Ligustrum Bonsai is an outdoor species (it only needs some protection when temperatures drop below -10 degrees C (14F)), it is also sold as indoor tree (in this case the tree should be placed inside during the winter).

Watering: Normal watering is fine.

Feeding: Use a normal Bonsai fertilizer about once every three weeks during the growth season.

Pruning: Style the tree in early spring, before it starts growing. Normal maintenance pruning can be done anywhere in the growth season.

Repotting: Repot Privet Bonsai trees every one or two years using a basic Bonsai soil mixture.

Propagation: Use cuttings during the summer or plant seeds.

Westringea Bonsai träd

Westringea sp.
Australian rosemary. They are trees that due to their characteristics must be located outside, ideal for balconies, gardens and terraces. It is a perennial shrub plant with grayish green foliage and white or yellowish inflorescences, blooming in spring and summer
Situation: Outside, in full sun throughout the year (or in the semi-shade during the hours of heavy summer insolation), it bears punctual frosts down to -5ºC
Irrigation: Moderate irrigation. The surface layer of the pot must be allowed to dry slightly between irrigation and irrigation. They prefer light and airy floors
Curiosities: Originally, Westringia is endemic to Australia, that is, it can only be found naturally in this area.
Observations: The shape and measures of bonsai are approximate. The color and shape of the pot may vary from that of the photo. Remember that a bonsai is a living being, so the images that appear are representative.

Cotoneaster sp. Bonsai träd

Mild regions of Europe, Africa and principally Asia.
Cotoneaster sp.
Small bush or tree with deciduous or permanent leaves depending on the variety. Produces white or pink flowers and its small fruits are of red, yellow, orange and black colour. There exist about 100 varieties.
In zones of Mediterranean climate it can be placed in the exterior during the whole year. In colder zones it’s convenient to protect it against frost.
Abundant in summer and in moderation in winter.
In spring and autumn but not during flowering.
Every 2 years, at the beginning of spring.
100% Akadama, or a mixture of Akadama with a 20% of volcanic earth.
Pruning and nipping
New shoots in spring.
When the branch has developed from 6 to 8 leaves, cut the leaves and leave only 2 of them.
During the whole year.

Escallonia sp. - Bonsai träd


Origin:Native to South America.

Mainly from Peru and Chile characteristics Evergreen shrubs up to 2 meters high with an attractive pink bloom. Simple, dark green leaves with jagged margins.

Flowers in the shape of a bell, usually pink, although they can also be white or fuchsia. They are very fragrant Situation They should be placed outside, in full sun or semi-shade in very hot climates. He likes relatively humid environments. In winter we will have to protect it against intense cold Irrigation He does not like the excess water. The surface layer of the pot must be allowed to dry slightly between irrigation and irrigation. They prefer light and airy floors. In winter just water Subscriber From spring to mid autumn with organic fertilizer or NUTRIBONSAI liquid from Mistral Bonsai. The subscriber must be interrupted in the extremely hot summer periods Transplant Extreme caution should be exercised since its roots are quite delicate. They are transplanted every three or four years, in early spring SUBSTRATUM A mixture of 6 parts of Akadama, with 4 parts of volcanic earth, can be used; or failing TERRABONSAI of Mistral Bonsai. After transplanting it is advisable to water with a VITABONSAI solution of Mistral Bonsai, to accelerate the recovery of the tree Pruning and clamping PRUNING It is advisable to perform pruning after flowering to compact your cup CLIPPING Throughout the growing season we can go tweaking slightly to achieve a denser flowering WIRING The wiring in this species is difficult since its branches are quite brittle. Extreme precautions and try to form the cup based on branch selection Curiosities The beauty of this shrub is the long duration of its flowering in addition to being very resistant to drought

Rhododendron indicurt - Bonsai träd

Inomhus bonsaiträd

 The azalea is popular for its spectacular flowers, which open in May - June and come in many different colors, shapes, sizes and patterns.

The leaves are dark green and differ in size and shape, depending on the cultivar.

Satsuki and Kurume azaleas are evergreen, small shrubs which are very suitable for Bonsai purposes.

Position: Azaleas thrive at a sunny spot, but during the hottest time it is better to provide some shade. When flowering, azaleas should be protected from rain and hot sun to make the flowers last longer. Healthy, mature azaleas can endure some frost but should be protected from colder temperatures than -5° C / 41° F. Watering: Azalea Bonsai trees must not dry out but they also don't like permanent wetness. Because of this it is necessary to check the moisture of the soil very carefully. A root ball that has gotten too dry temporarily should be dunked in a bowl of water to get thoroughly moistened again. Azaleas need a slightly acid soil and hard tap water is not appropriate for them. You can use rainwater, mix rainwater with tap water or filter your tap water for the azalea Bonsai. Feeding: During the growing season azalea Bonsai should be fed with a special azalea or rhododendron fertilizer. There are liquid azalea fertilizers which are used weekly and organic products to strew on the soil surface in longer intervals. While the trees flower quit feeding or use only half the normal dosage. Pruning: The azalea is one of the very few tree-species that are basally-dominant. This means that the lower branches grow stronger than the weaker top, which leads to the shape of a shrub in nature. Therefore prune the branches at the base harder than the top. The Azalea withstands strong pruning very well and even produces new shoots from branches on which no leaves are left. Immediately after flowering the wilted flowers and ovaries are cut off or pinched by hand. This point of time is also favorable for all other pruning and trimming works because in summer the new flower buds for the next year will develop. If you prune your tree too late there will be no or nearly no flowers in the following year. Unwanted shoots from the trunk or the base of the branches can be removed at any time of the year. Extensive styling works on raw material are often done in spring and in that case flowering is omitted consciously. The wood of the azalea is brittle so that wiring and bending should be done with great care. Repotting: Every two years, either in spring or after flowering, the azalea should be repotted. Prune the roots with great care because they are very thin and matted and can easily be torn when you try to disentangle them. It is important to use a special soil for azaleas which is lime-free. Pure Kanuma for example is a good azalea soil. Propagation: Azaleas are propagated from cuttings in spring and summer. Depending on the cultivar the success rate can differ, but many customary cultivars produce roots easily and quickly. In the hot time of the year transparent sheets can be useful to protect the young cuttings from excessive evaporation. Pests and diseases: Azaleas are not often infested by pests. But low humidity can support spider mites which should be treated with a suitable pesticide and improved humidity. Vine weevil can eat the leaves and their grubs cause great damage on the roots. With special pesticides or nematodes the beetles and their grubs can be eliminated. Root rot, caused by a fungus, can occur when the soil of the azalea is too wet and compacted. There are appropriate fungicides to pour into the soil that are effective against root rot. Another fungal disease causes leaf galls. In spring and summer leaves and possibly stems become thickened, curled, fleshy and turn pale green. In the later stages of the disease, the galls become covered with a white powdery substance and finally they turn brown and hard. Leaf galls are also stimulated by wetness and they appear most often on cultivars with plain-colored red and purple flowers. The best way to handle this disease is to remove the galls as soon as they are discovered and protect the azalea from too much rain.

Pyracantha sp.- Bonsai träd

Inomhus bonsaiträd


Europe, Himalaya, central China.
“pyros” meaning fire and “acantha” meaning thorn.
Pyracantha sp.
It is an evergreen bonsai of slow growth. It has thorny branches and it is well known for its white flowers blossoming in spring and the vibrant colours of its fruits (from red to yellow) in autumn.
It can be placed outdoors all year round, in direct sunlight during flowering. In summer it should be kept in the shade. It is very resilient to cold weather but it should be protected from freezing conditions.
It needs plenty of humidity. Do not dampen the flowers when watering.
Spring and autumn. It is best not to feed during the flowering period.
Every 2 years in spring.
100% Akadama or mixed with 20% of volcanic clay.
Pruning and nipping
It is carried out at the beginning of spring.
After flowering . When the branch has 6 to 8 new pairs of leaves use the tweezers to cut down to 2 pairs.
All year round
Pyracantha hedges have been used as stopping bushes. In Spain they are frequently planted in the middle of motorways to cushion cars in the case of an accident and to prevent them from crashing into traffic coming the other way.

Punica granatum - Bonsai träd

Family Punicaceae Origin Mediterranean, Occidental Asia (Persia and Afghanistan, Northeast of India) until Himalaya Etymology From the latin “punicus”, Plinio gave the name to this specie “ malum punicum” , apple from Carthage, with a wrong base with respect to its origin. Punica granatum Characteristics Tree or bush of deciduous leaves characteristic for its thorny branches. Flowers and fruits in abundance especially the nana variety. Place In zones of Mediterranean climate the tree can be placed outside during the whole year. Irrigation Watering, as with all other deciduous trees, must be abundant in summer and reduced in winter. Fertilization In spring and autumn, never during flowering. Transplant Every 2 years, in spring. SUBSTRATUM 100% Akadama, or a mixture of Akadama with 20% volcanic earth. Pruning and nipping PRUNING At the beginning of spring when the tree is beginning to flower. NIPPING During the whole of spring, cut down to 2 leaves when branches have got about 6 to 8 pairs of leaves. We wont pinch after May or June because we would eliminate the flowers which appear at the points of the branches. FENCING You can wire over the whole year if you want except during flowering. Curiosities If we leave too many pomegranates on a branch, it will have a tendency of drying out next year. To flower in abundance the pomegranates must be in the sun. To produce fruits they have to be outside in nature exposed to natural fresh air because insects pollinate flowers.Inomhus bonsaiträd